The North America Order Medal is a Winged Sun, the center of which

being a flag (the blue edge representing the ocean, while the center part

depicting the main sail of the Santa Maria), with the words 

"North America Order" and the Latin inscription: "In Hoc Signo Vinces".





The Santa Maria is the flag ship of Christopher Columbus on which he sailed from Palos on August 3, 1492 in the southwest of Spain. After having visited the Canary Islands he crossed the Atlantic ocean in 36 days and discovered America on October 12, 1492.




The Templar Knights used the original version of the Maltese Cross (sometimes known as "Celtic Cross" or "St-John's Cross") on their uniforms and flags from 1147 to the end of the Crusades. This cross became closely associated with them, and has been called "Templar Cross" by medieval chroniclers. 




The triangular banner of the 83rd Infantry of Pennsylvania. This unit was commanded during the American Civil War by colonel Strong Vincent, who was killed in combat on July 2 1863 during the battle of Gettysburg (Little Round Top). As brigade commander, Strong Vincent was the immediate superior of colonel Joshua Chamberlain (20th Maine Regiment).



Historian Eusebius states that Constantine I was marching with his army before the Battle of Milvian Bridge in 312 AD when he looked up to the sun and saw a cross of light with Greek words rendered in Latin as "In Hoc Signo Vinces" ("By this sign, you will be victorious"). Constantine won the battle and started on the path that led him to legalize christianity and become the sole ruler of the Roman Empire.



The Latin phrase "In Hoc Signo Vinces" was also displayed on the flag of the Régiment de Dillon, which served with the Irish Brigade of France and fought on the American side at the Siege of Savannah in 1779 and at the Siege of Yorktown in 1781 during the American Revolution.




The Winged Sun is a symbol associated with divinity, royalty and power in the ancient civilisations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, Greece (Staff of Hermes) and the Hebrews (Malachi 4:2). The picture on the left is a detail of the stele to Assurnasiripal II found at Nimrud (9th century BC).


From the early years of the XXth century up to now, the Winged Globe has been used as a symbol of aviation. The picture on the left is the Congressional Medal of Honor of the US Air Force, the United States highest military honor.



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